Bhutan is no ordinary place. It is an amply modern country yet medieval with one foot still rooted in its past. Bhutan is aware of the downsides of rapid modernization and has decided to move cautiously without losing its soul. Sustainable socio-economic development, preservation and promotion of culture and tradition, and preservation and protection of natural environment are at the forefront of government policy. Every decision is carefully weighed for the benefit of its people. The government’s ‘high value-low volume’ tourism policy is therefore a good example of its efforts to keep foreign influences at bay while nurturing Bhutanese values at home. This gives Bhutan a different look and feel altogether, a visual and spiritual feast for all visitors.
Top Reasons to visit Bhutan
1. Taktsang Goemba (Tiger’s Nest Monastery)
Taktsang is one of the most important Buddhist monasteries in Bhutan. It is situated on a vertical cliff at 3000m north of Paro. The monastery was built in 1692. According to the legend, Guru Rinpoche flew on this cliff from Tibet on the back of a tigress.
2. Tsechus (Festivals)
Tshechu is the annual religious festival in Bhutan. It is conducted in all the dzongs and major monasteries. Tshechus are social gathering where people from near and far gather to witness mask dances and cultural items.
3. Dzong (Bhutanese Fort)
Dzongs are the ancient forts that are used today as the administrative centres. Dzongs follow typical Bhutanese architecture with wide base and narrowing top. They are also ornately decorated with various colors and shapes. Dzongs were built without using a single nail.
4. Gross National Happiness
Gross National Happiness is Bhutan’s development philosophy based on Buddhist values that measures the quality of life based on the spiritual and mental wellbeing of its people. It does not reject the conventional method of measuring development – GDP – but, is pursued as the alternative development philosophy.
5. Highest unclimbed mountains
Bhutan has some of the highest unclimbed mountains in the world – Mount Jhomolhari, Jitchu Drake, etc. The government prohibits mountaineering in the peaks which the Bhutanese believe are the abode of deities and spirits.
6. Museums within museum
Museums are the repositories of Bhutanese history starting from the advent of Guru Padmasambhava in the 8th century. Visitors will have museums-within-museum experience while visiting the ubiquitous dzongs and lhakhangs which are distinctly unique to each other.
7. Mountain Trekking
Bhutan’s treks will take you through physically challenging routes that include crossing high mountain passes and snow. You may also be bothered by leeches but it is worth all the trouble because of the pristine natural beauty you will witness. You will also come in close contact with hardy highlanders and farmers but thankfully there will be ponies to carry your packs!
8. Thirteen unique arts and crafts of Bhutan
The 13 Bhutanese Arts and Crafts known as the Zorig Chusum is symbolic and rooted in Buddhist philosophy. They are; woodwork, stonework, carving, painting, sculpting, wood turning, blacksmithy, ornament making, bamboo work, paper making, tailoring and weaving. Pema Lingpa, a treasure finder, introduced these arts and crafts to Bhutan in the 15th century.